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A chicken first aid kit is a necessary addition once you decide to keep chickens. It is always best to prepare the kit ahead of time, so you have the supplies you need during a midnight emergency, rather than struggling to find the supplies you need or having to wait on shipping times. Many of these items are a one time purchase and don’t expire, and I consider them my insurance policy.
Vet bills can be very expensive, and delayed treatment can decimate an entire flock. Early diagnosis and treatment saves time and a lot money.
We have about 50 chickens. In the past several years we have treated predator attacks, bumblefoot, respiratory infections, mite and lice infestations, respiratory infections, tapeworms, sour crop, and cuts and bumps with only the items in this kit.
Backyard Poultry Health Guide: Diagnosis & Treatment eBook
Be sure to pick up our eBook Backyard Poultry Health Guide: Diagnosis & Treatment eBook for information on the use and proper dosing of the items on this list.
Please note: All information posted on this website has been done so in good faith, however I am not a veterinarian. Always seek the advice of your veterinarian with any questions you may have regarding the medical condition of your pet. Full disclaimer.
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Table of Contents
Here is what is in my chicken first aid kit right now:
(Click the links to shop for the items listed)
Worm Treatments (Dewormers)
Wormer Deluxe Powder– water soluble dewormer. 10% Oxfendazole/ 10% Praziquantel that treats Roundworm, Hookworm, Caecal Worm, Tapeworm, and Threadworm.
Valbazen– treatment for tapeworms
Safeguard for goats, 10% suspension– treatment for tapeworms. Note: mix with feed or individual oral dosing only, not water soluble
Wazine– treatment for roundworms
Terramycin Ophthalmic Ointment– eye infections
Vetericyn Plus Antimicrobial Ophthalmic Gel– irritated eyes not due to infection
Trauma and Skin Wounds
4×4 sterile gauze– cover wounds
Gauze roll– bandaging to keep gauze covered and in place
Elasticon– secure bandaging and gauze
Vet Wrap– secure bandaging and gauze
Sterile saline flush– irrigate eyes or wounds to remove debris, no infection prevention
MicrocynAH– irrigate wounds to reduce infection
Medihoney– antibacterial honey ointment for wounds that accelerates healing
EMT gel– Collagen gel that seals and soothed minor wounds, promotes healing
Prid– natrual drawing salve for bumblefoot
Hen Healer– Blue tinted salve to treat minor skin injury
Rooster Booster Pick No More– blue tinted healing lotion to soothe skin irritation and prevent pecking
Betadine– sterilize wounds
Chlorhexidine– disinfectant and antiseptic for use on skin and to sterilize surgical equipment (for sutures or bumblefoot removal)
Scalpel– remove bumblefoot
Flour- stops bleeding. Note: use only on pin feathers, beaks and toenails
Aspirin- pain management
Infection & Disease
Duramycin-10 (Tetracycline)- water soluble broad spectrum antibiotic
Doxycycline– water soluble broad spectrum antibiotic
Liquamycin LA-200– broad spectrum antibiotic for respiratory and intestinal disease
Denagard– water soluble treatment for respiratory infections
Tylan 200- treatment for mycoplasmosis/chronic respiratory disease
Corid– treats coccidiosis
Acidified Copper Sulfate– Antimicrobial to sanitize waterers and a preventative, treatment for canker (trichomonosis) in chickens and blackhead (histomoniasis) in turkeys, and treat sour crop.
Lice and Mites
Nu-Stock & toothbrush- treats scaly leg mites
Ivermectin– treats roundworms, scaly leg mites, as well as other mites and lice
Backyard Poultry Health Guide: Diagnosis & Treatment eBook– Covers how to use all items on this list, as well as treat common poultry injuries, illness and disease
Puppy pads– use as a surgery or wound care surface, and to line hospital kennel
Spare kennel and bowls- serves as hospital
Syringes– 1ml, 5ml, 30ml
Curved Tip syringes– oral medication dosing
Needles- 25g x ⅝”, 25g x 1”
Sharps container– proper disposal of needles
Olive oil- Impacted crop or egg bound
Electrolyte Solution- My favorite is Rooster Booster Vitamins & Electrolytes with Lactobacillus
Rescue Remedy for pets– for calming birds during painful procedures
Kaytee Exact hand feeding formula– for tube feeding severely ill birds
Trauma shears– for removing bandages or feathers, reducing the risk of cutting bird
Treatment Record– logging bird treatment is always smart!
Where to buy
Each items has been linked to where you can purchase online, simply click the items name to be directed to the respective site. If you need an item today, check your local farm supply first. Many of these items can be found at Big R, Tractor Supply, Rural King, or you local independent retailer. If you do not have success there, your neighborhood farm vet may stock these items. Otherwise, all of the items on this list can be found via these websites:
Please see our eBook, Backyard Poultry Health Guide: Diagnosis & Treatment eBook, for information on the use and proper dosing of the items on this list.
Merck Vet Manual also has a lot of information on treating poultry illness and disease.
Clinical Avian Medicine is an excellent book available for free online. This book is written for veterinarians so it can be a little difficult to read, but worth a look!
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